"Modern supermarket chains are responsible for 3% to 5% of total global electricity consumption. Stores require refrigeration to store their products, which is responsible for 30% to 60% of their total consumed electricity. In addition, supermarket refrigeration systems are in charge of significant amounts of CO2 emissions. The use of natural refrigerants, such as CO2 (R744), is recommended to reduce the environmental impact. CO2 is non-toxic, non-flammable, has zero ozone depletion potential (ODP) and a low GWP value which is equal to 1. So, it is environmentally friendly and does not harm the ozone. CO2 has also favorable thermophysical properties, such as high density, specific heat capacity and conductivity. To improve the efficiency of these systems, it has been proposed to optimize the high pressure of the system, the application of refrigerant subcooling after the gas cooler, the two-stage compression, the parallel compression as well as the use of ejectors and cascade systems.In addition to refrigeration, supermarkets consume electricity for lighting, have requirements for space heating and air conditioning in winter and summer period respectively, as well as for domestic hot water supply. Therefore, solar-driven polygeneration units have been studied which will be installed in a supermarket to cover a significant part of their total needs."